Hemp and cannabis plants have several kinds of compounds including, flavonoids, phytochemicals, and terpenes. Terpenes are the aromatic, essential oil part of these plants. There are over 100 different kinds of terpenes and each one has its own particular qualities and benefits. However, all terpenes appear to have the following properties in common.
- Anti-Oxidant effects.
- Add to the aroma and taste of the flower, tincture, and gummies.
- May increase the efficacy of a particular strain or product as they work synergistically with cannabinoids.
- Interact with your CB1 and CB2 receptors to help activate your Endocannabinoid System.
Most of us know which cannabinoids are present in the products we use. For example, if you are seeking help with insomnia, you would want to have a product that has both CBD and CBN (cannabinol). Adding terpenes that have more sedative properties will also assist those cannabinoids in working to help you get a great night’s sleep. Some terpenes give energy and are combined in a formula that helps keep you uplifted.
Are there Terpenes in my product?
When you buy Isolate CBD there are no other cannabinoids or terpenes. When you have Broad-Spectrum CBD there are at least two different cannabinoids and several terpenes. Or, when you take Full-Spectrum CBD you are getting the total plant experience. Terpenes do not have psychoactive properties whether they come from cannabis or hemp. Truly, terpenes are simply a valuable part of the plant and bring extra benefits to all formulations.
Certain plants are grown to have specific terpene profiles giving them a particular flavor. Many times it is how the plant is named depending on the smell and taste it offers. Indica and Sativa strains are describing the cannabinoids that are present but terpenes do not fall under those two categories.
Some of the more widely found terpenes are Pinene, Humulene, Caryophyllene, Limonene, Myrcene, and Linalool. There are numerous others that are either not as common or even quite rare in hemp. Like a Vitamin B supplement, the whole complex of possible ingredients works best when they are present together. The wide variety of cannabinoids and terpenes means that there are endless combinations of the two. The world of both hemp and cannabis is greatly enriched by all the possible options for consumers.
Lucky us to have so many wonderful choices.